Stages of change, knowledge and self-efficacy for condom use in migrants.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56935/hij.v2i2.21

Keywords:

Transtheoretical Model, Condoms, Self Efficacy, Transients and Migrants

Abstract

Introduction: Migrants experience different circumstances that define sexual behavior, increasing their vulnerability to acquiring STIs and HIV. For the prevention of STIs, including HIV, adopting condom use as a protective practice is essential, according to the National Health and Nutrition Survey. The objective of this study is to describe the relationship between condom knowledge and self-efficacy in condom use with the stages of change for condom use in migrants in transit. Method: The design is correlational and cross-sectional in a sample of migrant men and women in transit in the city of Tijuana, Baja California. Data were processed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 25. Descriptives were determined using means ± standard deviation (SD) and frequencies. Spearman's correlation coefficient (Spearman's Rho) was used with a 95% error margin, p<0.05. Results: In the stages of change for condom use, 31.1% were in precontemplation, meaning they had no intention of using condoms in their vaginal, oral, and/or anal sexual relations within the next six months. On the other hand, 26.6% were in preparation, indicating they intended to always use condoms during vaginal, anal, or oral sex within the next thirty days. 19.8% of the migrants had been using condoms for more than six months in every sexual encounter, classifying them in the maintenance stage for condom use. Migrants in the initial stages like precontemplation and contemplation had lower scores than those in the maintenance stage. Conclusion: Knowledge of condoms and self-efficacy in condom use have a significant positive relationship with the stages of change for condom use. It is suggested to replicate the study with a larger sample and incorporate variables such as motivation, decisional balance, and processes of change, as well as others indicated by the literature as important in condom use behavior among migrants in transit.

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Published

2024-07-09

How to Cite

Aranda Ibarra, J. R., & Benavides Torres , R. A. (2024). Stages of change, knowledge and self-efficacy for condom use in migrants. Horizon Interdisciplinary Journal, 2(2), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.56935/hij.v2i2.21

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